February 27, 2018 1 Comment

Here at NI Candle Supplies, we’re often asked about which candle wicks work best with which waxes. The guide provides a full breakdown of how to use NI Candle Supplies wicks, waxes and bases. As ever, if you have any additional questions or queries, take a look at our FAQs or contact us here.

Wick type: HTP Wicks

Which wax for HTP Wicks: Soy wax

More about HTP wicks: Using a blend of cotton and braided paper fibres, HTP wicks provide a rigid and robust wick for candle making. HTP wicks are self trim and have a softer burn, this makes them ideal for Soy wax candles.

SHOP HTP WICKS

Wick type: CDN Wicks

Which wax for CDN Wicks: Palm wax, Paraffin wax and Soy Wax.

More about CDN wicks: Using a flat braid style, CDN wicks provide greater flexibility to candle makers. As CDN wicks offer enhanced rigidity and are zinc free, this allows candle makers to choose from a wide variety of waxes in production.

SHOP CDN WICKS

Which wick for which container?

Choosing the right wick, wax and container are all big questions as a candle maker. To help, here’s how to match the right wicks for your containers.

Which wick should I use for NI Candle Supplies containers?

No need to worry - we’ve got your covered! All of our containers are listed with recommended wicks on our website. Simply click on the ‘Specifications’ area related to a container to see full details of the best wick for that container. Simple!

Which wick should I use for my own containers?

If your not using NI Candle Supplies containers, never fear! As a reference point, the table below shows how to match wicks with your containers. A good tip is the measure the diameter of your container and match this to the burn diameter shown below. As with all candle making, this should be your starting point for testing.

SOY WAX RESULTS

HTP WICKS

CDN WICKS

BURN DIAMETER

HTP 13

-

31mm

HTP 31

-

33mm

HTP 41

CDN 3

36mm

HTP 52

-

38mm

HTP 62

CDN 4

39 - 40mm

HTP 72

CDN 5

42mm

HTP 73

-

43 - 44mm

HTP 83

CDN 6

45 - 46mm

HTP 93

CDN 7

47mm

HTP 104

CDN 8

49 - 50mm

-

CDN 10

52mm

-

CDN 12

55mm

HTP 105

CDN 14

56mm

-

CDN 16

59mm

-

CDN 18

63mm

HTP 126

-

66mm

HTP 136

CDN 20

68mm

HTP 1212

-

71mm

-

CDN 22

73mm

-

CDN 24

75mm

-

CDN 26

78mm

HTP 1312

CDN 28

80mm

HTP XL 100

CDN 30

82mm

The above burn pools were achieved via slab testing in unscented wax and are intended as a guide only. It’s important to note that results may vary when differing glassware,  waxes and fragrances are used - therefore we would recommend checking the specification tab of your intended base for our recommend wick in that base and to test, test, test! 

Which do the numbers mean on a candle wick?

It’s likely you’ll see four numbers when selecting a wick, all of which provide useful guidance for the candle product your looking to make. The following table breaks down these numbers:

BURN DIAMETER

LENGTH OF WICK

DIAMETER AND HEIGHT OF THE METAL TAB

HTP 31 to HTP XL-100

CDN 3 to CDN 22

27mm, 33mm, 60mm, 150mm or 300mm

15mm (Dia) x 3.8mm (Height) or

20mm (Dia) x 6mm (Height)

Wicks are numbered from the lowest to the highest. For example, the CDN-3 is the smallest wick in the CDN range and this means that it has a smaller flame and is suitable only for the smaller-type products such as tealights. On the contrary, the CDN-22 is for large tins and glassware and has a larger flame. The same applies to the HTP range of wicks, the HTP 31 being the smallest and the HTP XL-100 being the largest.

27mm – Suitable for tealight candles only.

33mm - Suitable for larger tealight cups.

60mm - Suitable for votive candles and small diameter candle tins / jars.

150mm - Suitable for tins and glassware and have a tab on the bottom.

300mm - Suitable mostly for pillar-type candles. They have no tabs on the bottom, but, if need be, tabs can be manually applied.

The metal tab anchors and secures the wick to the bottom of the container and stops the flame near the bottom so that the heat does not transfer to the base of the container. The idea behind the 20mm x 6mm tab is that the height of it is longer than the 15mm x 3.8mm tab. As the candle burns down, it stops at a certain point leaving a bit of wax at the bottom which can help alleviate glass breakages. If a candle is left to 'burn out', it increases the chances of glass breakages as the glass heats up the most at this point.

How should I choose my wick?

As with all candle making, testing is absolutely key. Colour and fragrance type can have an impact on on the burning process, so its important to change variables such as wax, wick, container or colour as a systematic testing process. A key focus should be on the fragrance type, as differing fragrances can have an impact on the burn process, with some being harder to burn and needing a larger wick.

Looking at the entire burning process should be a key factor in testing. As candle wax burns out and then down for short durations, the wax may not reach a full molten pool and residual wax can remain on the sides of the container. If you’re looking to burn the candle for shorter or longer periods, adjusting the wick size is important. As a rule of thumb, for longer burn durations go down in wick size and for shorter burn durations, go up in wick sizes. In our experience, an average burn time is 2-3 hours.

Why do I need to test when making candles?

Testing is important for the long term viability of your business by maintaining quality control and assurance for all of your candle products. To make this process efficient, we recommend beginning by purchasing our small pack of wicks, and only then purchasing larger packs of wicks once you are satisfied with the performance of your chosen wick. For peace of mind and clarity, NI Candle Supplies recommends burning a minimum of 3 candles to ensure consistency. As mentioned above, any changes to the variables in your candle production should be monitored and implemented systematically.

What should I do next?

To find out more information about choosing the correct wick, why not take a look at our FAQs or our resource centre. As always, if you cannot find the information you're looking for, we’re always happy to help via our online chat, email or telephone. In addition, you may find the following product links useful:

SHOP CDN WICKS

SHOP HTP WICKS

SHOP WICK ACCESSORIES


1 Response

Charmaine
Charmaine

November 04, 2018

Thank you for this great information.

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